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Life Sketch of Hzt. Amir Khusro

Hazrat Amir Khusro



In the history of India’s intellectual world,  Hazrat Amir Khusro enjoys an ever-lasting fame as one of the most versatile poets and prolific prose-writers of the 13th century AD. His unique Persian-cum-Hindi poetry and Hindi songs which, later on, developed into the “mother” of the Urdu language, are historical contributions to the Persian, Hindi and Urdu literature of India.  His Persian poetry bears a hall-mark of his wonderful personality, as it is  so dear to the hearts of both spiritualists as well as commoners of the East, irrespective of their religious labels.

 Hazrat Amir Khusro, a great Sufi, who once exchanged all his wealth just for a pair of his Pir’s shoes, was an intellectual giant of many languages, an artist, a prolific author, a wealthy merchant, a genius musician who invented the “Sitar”,[1] and Tabla ,a versatile composer, and, above all, a most dutiful and devoted “mureed” of Hazrat Nizamuddin Aulia, the spiritual monarch of his time in India.  In short, his knowledge was a rare combination of a large variety of languages and subjects, such as art, culture, religion, trade, music, Sufism, history and poetry – an extremely rare of “All-in-one” type of highly amazing mixture of Divine gifts.  He was thus by all accounts one of the most fascinating characters in India’s history.  We can hardly do full justice to this genius’s life-story in this limited space; his biography and voluminous writings must be studied to admire his noble qualities and versatile career.

 Amir Khusro’s full name was Abul Hasan Yaminuddin.  He was born in 651 Hijri (1253 AD) (preface of Ghurrat ul Kamal). at Patiali on Ganges in Etah District, U.P, India.  By birth he was a Turkish Moghul and his father’s name was Saifuddin Mohammed who, before coming out to India, was the chief of a clan called “Laachin” in Turkistan when Changez Khan ruled over that territory.  His mother was the daughter of an Amir named  Amad-ul-Mulk.