Who is Sajjadanashin ?
According to the Mohammadan Law
a Sajjadanashin is the one who sits on the “Sajjadah” or Musalla (prayer carpet).
Musalla” or “Sajjada”, both words having the same meaning. He who is granted these two things, in the terminology of Sufism, is called Sajjadanashin. Therefore the words, ‘Musalladar’, ‘Sajjadadar’ or
‘Sahib-e-Sajjada’ are actually used for “Sajjadanashin”.
A Sjjadanashin is the Spiritual Head and
Spiritual Preceptor who conducts the mission of his Pir (Spritual Master) at his Shrine
or Khanqah. He discharges certain
important duties like religious, spiritual and customary ceremonies and also
presides the Mehfil-e-Sama and Fatiha at the Dargah. He also discharges the
duties of Mutawalli (Manager) if there is no specific Mutawalli for the job.
For example, Hazrat Nizamuddin
Aulia’s Spiritual Successor was Hazrat Nasiruddin Chiragh Dehlavi whose Sajjadanashin or Nasabi Janashin was Hazrat Abu Bakar
Chishty Musalladar-e-Khaas. His grave is situated on the eastern side of the
tomb of Hazrat Amir Khusro in New
It is clearly mentioned in Siarul
Aulia and Tuhfatul Abrar that after the demise of Hzt. Baba Farid, his son Hzt.
Maulana Badruddin Suleman became the Sajjadanashin of his Dargah. And afterward his son Shaikh Alauddin and
then his son Hzt. Moizul-Haq-Waddin became the Sajjdanashin of the Dargah. The same legal procedure for the succession
of Sajjadanashin is still continuing at all the famous Dargahs in India and Pakistan
such as Ajmer Sharif, Radauli Sharif, Bareilly Sharif, Rampur,
Gulbarga Sharif, Hyderabad, Nagore, Gwalior etc.
in India and Tonsa, Multan
Pakpattan, Golra etc in Pakistan.
Who is khalifa
There are so many people who do
not know about the difference between a Khalifa and a Sajjadanashin. The basic difference between these two is
that ‘khalifa’ is a spiritual post while ‘Sajjdanashin’ is an ancestral as well
as spiritual title.
A saint or master may have so
many Khalifas but he cannot appoint more than one Sajjadanashin. The sajjadanashin of any Dargah must be only
one. In other words, we can say that
every Sajjadanashin is a Khalifa but every Khalifa can not be Sajjdanashin.
First sajjadanahin of dargah
The first Sajjadanashin
Hazrat Abu Bakar Chishty
Hazrat Nizamuddin Aulia remained unmarried so after his demise Hazrat Abu Bakar
Chishty Musalladar-e-Khas occupied his seat at his Shrine and thus succeeded him as
his first Sajjadanashin.
Hazrat Abu Bakar Chishty was the
great grandson of Hzt. Nizamuddin Aulia’s grandfather’s younger brother Hzt.
Syed Moosa Bokhari on one hand and son of Hzt. Nizamuddin Aulia’s real
sister Hzt. Bibi Zainab on the other.
Hazrat Nizamuddin Aulia had bestowed him with his Special ‘Musalla’ (prayer carpet) that he use to love more than
his own life. He would Sit on it and would absorb himself in meditation and the remembrance of God. As we have mentioned it before that the
person who is granted these things i.e.“Musalla” and “Sajjadah”, is called
“Sajjdanashin” (Successor to the Shrine).
Some people have misinterpreted
the word “Musalladar” as “Musallabardar” and wrote that Hzt Abu
Bakar Chishty was Musallabardar. It must be noted that both words are different
in meanings. Musalladar is one who sits
on prayer carpet and Musallabardar, on the other hand is one who carries the
prayer carpet with him. We find not even
at a single place in Siarul Aulia and Matloob-ut-talibain, where the author had reffered Hzt. Abu Bakar Chishty as Musallabardar.
Therefore because of the blood
relation with the Saint, Hazrat Abu Bakar Chishty Musalladar had not only gained authority of Legal Genealogical Succession but this endowment proved his spiritual
Hazrat Abu Bakar Chishty and his
brother Hzt. Umar were also the Khwaharzadas (sister’s sons) of Hazrat
Nizamuddin Aulia. Hzt. Ameer Khurd Kirmani quoted in Siarul Aulia, Page No 205
that Maulana Qasim, author of “Lataif-ut-Tafseer” introduced himself in its
preface, as the son of Hzt. Umar and Hzt Umar (real brother of Hzt. Abu Bakar
Chishty) is introduced as “Khwaharzada Haqeeqi” (real sister’s son) of Hazrat
Nizamuddin Aulia. Therefore it shows
that Hzt. Abu Bakar Chishty Musalladar and Hzt. Khwaja Umar, both were the sons
of Hazrat Nizamuddin Aulia’s real sister Hzt. Bibi Zainab. Unfortunately most
of the translations in respect of the
Chapter of Sultanul Mahshaikh’s Aqurba (relatives) are wrong as they advertently or inadvertently removed the word “haqeeqi” (real) from it.
A Shijra-e-nasab of Hazrat Sultanul Mashaikh has been published in
the first editon of Siarul Aulia i.e Chirangilal Edition,1302 Hijri, (1885 AD)
where Hazrat Abu Bakar Chisti is introduced as “Bilawasta hamsheerazada haqeeqi Sultanul Mashaikh” (real sister’s
son of Sultanul Mashaikh), but in all the later editions of Siarul Aulia, the
said Shijra-e-nasab is missing for unknown reason.
In a manuscript of Siarul Aulia
written by Syed Obaidullah in 1177 Hijri (1764 AD) the same Shijra (Genealogy)
has been given and name of Hazrat Abu Bakar is mentioned as “son of the real
sister of Hazrat Sulatanul Mashaikh Nizamul Haq Waddin”.
Few years back this issue was
raised that who was the first Janashin (Successor) of Hazrat Nizamuddin Aulia
after his demise. A deep research was
conducted on this matter and many certificates and opinions of different
Mufti’s Ulemas and Sajjadanashins were obtained. They all gave their verdict in
the favour of Hazrat Abu Bakar Chisti. Few names of these Ulemas are mentioned
- Imam us Sultan Hazrat Syed Hamid Bukhari
Shahi Imam Jama
- Mujahid-e-Millat Hazrat Maulana Hifzur Rehman
Secretary: Jamiat Ulema-e-Hind
- Nawab Khusro Mirza Loharu
- Mufti-e-Azam Hazrat Maulana Abdul Ghaffar Sahib
- Hazrat Maulana Zaid ul Hasan Farooqui
Hazrat Shah Abul Khair
- Hazrat Saulat Hussain Ali Khan
Ex: Diwan of
Dargah Hazrat Khwaja Sahib, Ajmer.
- Hazrat Maulana Qari Mohd Idrees
Dargah Shah Waliullah Mohaddis Dehlavi
- Mufti-e-Azam Maulana Mohammad Kifayatullah Sahib
The Genealogy up to Date
Source: Siarul Aulia (Chirangi Lal Edition)1. Hazrat
Imam Zainul Abedin.
Imam Jafar Sadiq.
Imam Moosa Kazim.
Imam Moosa Raza.
Imam Mohd. Jawad Taqi.
10. Hazrat Imam
Ali Hadi Naqi.
11. Hazrat Syed
12. Hazrat Syed
13. Hazrat Syed
14. Hazrat Syed
15. Hazrat Syed
16. Hazrat Syed
17. Hazrat Syed
18. Hazrat Syed Moosa Bokhari 18. Hazrat Syed Ali Bokhari
19. Hazrat Syed Abdur Rehman 19. Hazrat Syed Ahmed.
20. (I) Hazrat Nizamuddin Aulia
20. Hazrat Syed Abdullah (married
with) ------ 20. (II)Hazrat Bibi Zainab.
21. Hazrat Syed Abu Bakar
Chishty----- (First Sajjadanshin of Dargah Hzt. Nizamuddin)
22. Hazrat Syed Azizuddin.
23. Hazrat Syed Kamaluddin.
24. Hazrat Syed Abdul Rashid.
25. Hazrat Syed Ahmed.
26. Hazrat Syed Daulat.
27. Hazrat Syed Fazlullah.
28. Hazrat Syed Hassan.
29. Hazrat Syed Abdul Sami.
30. Hazrat Syed Mehmood.
31. Hazrat Syed Niamatullah.
32. Hazrat Syed Khairullah.
33. Hazrat Syed Ubaidullah.
34. Hazrat Syed Mujibuddin.
35. Hazrat Syed Rasool Bakhsh.
36. Hazrat Syed Sirajuddin.
37. Hazrat Syed Sharfuddin.
38. Hazrat Syed Ghulam Moinuddin.
39. Hazrat Pir Zamin Nizami Syed
40. Hazrat Pir Khawaja Ahmed
Nizami Syed Bokhari.
(Present Successor and Sole Sajjadanashin
of Hazrat Nizamuddin Aulia)
41. Syed Farid Ahmed Nizami, Naib
A Mutawalli is a person who look
after the day to day affairs of Dargah or any other wakf property. He is a
manager of the shrine. The office of
Mutawalli can be hereditary by custom or it can be appointed by State Wakf
Board. There are no any other posts except Sajjadanashin, Naib Sajjadanashin, Mutawalli and Naib Mutawalli in any Dargah or Khanqah.
Hazrat Pir Zamin Nizami